Abstract : The year of 2016, in Brazil, was marked by the impeachment process that has deposed the first woman elected President of the Republic in this country, Dilma Rousseff. In the course of the process, different actors in Brazilian society were mobilized on the streets, at the National Congress and on the media to produce their version of the phenomena, resulting in discursive disputes on the subject. One of the main points of discussion during this period was the evaluation of president Dilma Rousseff's capacity to command the country's Executive Power. The dispute produced discourses about her personality and character, engendering fixed and discrete images of Dilma which portrayed her, on one hand, as an authoritarian and unqualified politician, and on the other, as an honest and strong woman. This dissertation aims to identify and describe the gender meanings that contributed to the production of these images, which were identified through qualitative research carried out on a variety of news websites where were collected the articles that argued in favor of each of these images. Stemming from the analysis of the collected speeches, it was possible to perceive that the images on Dilma were produced from gender precepts that essentialize the femininity of the roles and behaviors historically attributed to women in families: humbleness, affection, the will to care, subordination, the quality of being moral guardians, as well as the capacity to resist the male's violences. These characteristics hold within them the foundation of the historical separation that was built by the democratic republic that designates that the domestic sphere is a natural space for women action, while the public sphere is guarded to men, attributing distinct qualities to each scope and gender.