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Dilated cardiomyopathy: utility of the transverse: frontal plane QRS voltage ratio.

Authors
  • Goldberger, A L
  • Dresselhaus, T
  • Bhargava, V
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Electrocardiology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1985
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
35–40
Identifiers
PMID: 3973520
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Dilated cardiomyopathy is associated with an increase in transverse plane QRS voltage but a decrease in frontal plane QRS voltage. To study this paradoxical relationship further, electrocardiograms (ECGs) were retrospectively analyzed from five groups of men. Frontal plane QRS voltage was computed as the sum of peak-to-trough QRS amplitudes in the two limb leads with highest QRS voltage; transverse QRS voltage as the maximum peak-to-trough QRS voltage in leads [V1 or V2] + [V5 or V6]. The transverse:frontal plane QRS voltage ratio was significantly (p less than 0.01) greater in 26 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (3.0 +/- 1.3) compared to 29 patients with compensated aortic valve disease (2.0 +/- 0.6), 30 healthy men (2.0 +/- 0.6) and 20 patients with ischemic heart disease and relatively normal left ventricular function (1.9 +/- 0.8), but not significantly different from the ratio for patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (2.3 +/- 1.1). This differential effect of dilated cardiomyopathy on transverse and frontal plane QRS voltages, which probably relates to a combination of mechanical and vectorial factors, may be the basis of a useful new ECG sign.

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