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Diffusion-weighted MRI and FLAIR sequence for differentiation of hydatid cysts and simple cysts in the liver

Authors
  • Yalcinoz, Kursad1
  • Ikizceli, Turkan2
  • Kahveci, Servet3
  • Karahan, Okkes Ibrahim4
  • 1 Elbistan State Hospital, Radiology Clinic, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
  • 2 University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, Adnan Adivar Street, Number: 9, 34130, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 3 Umm Slal Health Center, Doha, Qatar
  • 4 Erciyes University, Department of Radiology, Kayseri, Turkey
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Journal of Radiology Open
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
May 31, 2021
Volume
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejro.2021.100355
PMID: 34136590
PMCID: PMC8181784
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

Purpose The contribution of DWI and FLAIR to the differential diagnosis of type 1, 2, and 3 hydatid cysts and simple liver cysts was investigated according to the Gharbi classification. This study is the first report using FLAIR sequence for the differential diagnosis of liver hydatid cysts in this regard. Methods A total of 82 hydatid cysts and 40 simple cysts were scanned with DWI (in b600-b1000 values) and FLAIR sequence. In 64 patients included in the study, a total of 122 cystic lesions were diagnosed histopathologically or during follow-up. FLAIR and DWI signal characteristics were evaluated, and ADC values were calculated. Results The mean ADC value of hydatid cysts on DWI (b600) was 3.07 ± 0.41 × 10−3 s/mm2, while it was 3.91 ± 0.51 × 10−3 s/mm2 for simple cysts and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). On b1000 DWI, the mean ADC values of hydatid and simple cysts were 2.99 ± 0.38 × 10−3 s/mm2 and 3.43 ± 0:29 × 10−3 s/mm2, respectively (p < 0.05). The qualitative evaluation of the signal intensity on b600−1000 DWI demonstrated the difference between the simple and hydatid cyst groups (p < 0.05). Type 2 hydatid cysts alone were distinguished from type 2–3 hydatid and simple cysts by FLAIR (p < 0.05). Conclusions ADC values can distinguish between hydatid cyst and simple cyst. FLAIR contributes to the differentiation of type 2 hydatid and simple cysts.

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