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Diffusion Monte Carlo study of a valley degenerate electron gas and application to quantum dots

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Preprint
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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.195310
arXiv ID: 0810.5642
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arXiv
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Abstract

A many-flavor electron gas (MFEG) in a semiconductor with a valley degeneracy ranging between 6 and 24 was analyzed using diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC) calculations. The DMC results compare well with an analytic expression derived by one of us [Phys. Rev. B 78, 035111 (2008)] for the total energy to within 1% over an order of magnitude range of density, which increases with valley degeneracy. For Bi2Te3 (six-fold valley degeneracy) the applicable charge carrier densities are between 7*10^19cm^{-3} and 2*10^20cm^{-3}. DMC calculations distinguished between an exact and a useful approximate expression for the 24-fold degenerate MFEG polarizability for wave numbers 2p_F<q<7p_F. The analytical result for the MFEG is generalized to inhomogeneous systems by means of a gradient correction, the validity range of this approach is obtained. Employed within a density functional theory calculation this approximation compares well with DMC results for a quantum dot.

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