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Diffusion of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate but not Ca2+ is necessary for a class of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ waves.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
0027-8424
Publisher
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Volume
91
Issue
20
Pages
9485–9489
Identifiers
PMID: 7937794
Source
Medline

Abstract

Combining a realistic model of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-induced Ca2+ oscillations with the diffusion of IP3 and buffered diffusion of Ca2+, we have found that diffusion of Ca2+ plays only a minor role in a class of agonist-induced Ca2+ wave trains. These waves are primarily kinematic in nature, with variable wavelengths and speeds that depend primarily on the phase differences between oscillators at different spatial points. The period is set by the steady-state value of IP3, while the wave speed approximately equals the wavelength/period. Ca2+ diffusion, which is much slower than that of IP3 because of endogenous buffers, is shown to have only a small effect on the wave trains and not to be necessary for the apparent wave propagation. Diffusion of IP3 sets the phase gradient responsible for these wave trains, which consist primarily of localized cycles of Ca2+ uptake and release. Our results imply a possible previously undisclosed role for IP3 in cell signaling.

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