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Differential up-regulation of MAP kinase phosphatases MKP3/DUSP6 and DUSP5 by Ets2 and c-Jun converge in the control of the growth arrest versus proliferation response of MCF-7 breast cancer cells to phorbol ester.

Authors
  • Nunes-Xavier, Caroline E
  • Tárrega, Céline
  • Cejudo-Marín, Rocío
  • Frijhoff, Jeroen
  • Sandin, Asa
  • Ostman, Arne
  • Pulido, Rafael
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Publication Date
Aug 20, 2010
Volume
285
Issue
34
Pages
26417–26430
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.121830
PMID: 20554528
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Different levels of regulation account for the inactivation of MAP kinases by MAPK phosphatases (MKPs), in a cell type- and stimuli-dependent manner. MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells treated with the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) suffer growth arrest and show morphological alterations, which depend on the activation of the ERK1/2 MAP kinases. MKP3/DUSP6 and DUSP5 MAP kinase phosphatases, two negative regulators of ERK1/2, were specifically up-regulated in MCF-7 and SKBR3 cells in response to PMA. MKP3 and DUSP5 up-regulation required the prolonged activation of the ERK1/2 pathway, and correlated with the shutdown of this route. MKP3 induction relied on the activation of the Ets2 transcription factor, whereas DUSP5 induction depended on the activation of c-Jun. Diminishing the expression of MKP3 and DUSP5 raised the activation of ERK1/2, and accelerated growth arrest of PMA-treated MCF-7 cells. Conversely, MCF-7 cell lines expressing high levels of MKP3 or DUSP5 did not undergo PMA-triggered growth arrest, displayed a migratory phenotype, and formed colonies in soft agar. We propose that the differential up-regulation of MKP3 by Ets2 and of DUSP5 by c-Jun may converge in similar functional roles for these MAP kinase phosphatases in the growth arrest versus proliferation decisions of breast cancer cells.

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