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Differential regulation of Tbx5 protein expression and sub-cellular localization during heart development.

Authors
  • Bimber, Benjamin1
  • Dettman, Robert W
  • Simon, Hans-Georg
  • 1 Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Children's Memorial Research Center, Chicago, IL 60614, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Developmental biology
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2007
Volume
302
Issue
1
Pages
230–242
Identifiers
PMID: 17045582
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The T-box transcription factor Tbx5 can interact with Nkx2.5 and Gata4 transcription factors to synergistically regulate heart-specific genes in the nucleus. While a nuclear role for Tbx5 is clearly defined, we have previously shown that Tbx5 shuttles from nuclear to cytoplasmic sites, forming a complex with the PDZ-LIM protein LMP4 on the actin cytoskeleton. In this study, using a developmental series of chicken hearts, we provide the first evidence for differential Tbx5 protein expression and sub-cellular localization during cardiogenesis. At the tissue level, we show temporally and spatially restricted Tbx5 co-expression with LMP4. In cells co-expressing LMP4 and Tbx5 we demonstrate dynamic Tbx5 re-localization from exclusively nuclear to nuclear and cytoplasmic expression in the atrio-ventricular cushion. Furthermore, in coronary vessel development we show exclusive cytoplasmic localization of Tbx5, indicating a function for Tbx5 in the cytoplasm. In addition, we discover unknown regulation of Tbx5 and LMP4 expression in epicardial tissue, suggesting a specific role for Tbx5 in epicardial formation. These studies provide in vivo significance of the LMP4/Tbx5 protein interaction, suggesting both nuclear and cytoplasmic roles for Tbx5. The shuttling between nuclear and cytoplasmic sites reveals a novel mechanism for Tbx transcription factor regulation in chicken heart development allowing new insights for a better understanding of the molecular basis of hand/heart birth defects associated with TBX5 mutations.

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