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Differential influences of early growth and social factors on young children's cognitive performance in four low-and-middle-income birth cohorts (Brazil, Guatemala, Philippines, and South Africa)

Authors
  • Richter, L.M.1
  • Orkin, F.M.2
  • Adair, L.S.3
  • Kroker-Lobos, M.F.4
  • Mayol, N. Lee5
  • Menezes, A.M.B.6
  • Martorell, R.7
  • Murray, J.8
  • Stein, A.D.9
  • Victora, C.10
  • 1 DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence in Human Development, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, York Road, 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 2 Developmental Pathways to Health Research Unit, School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, York Road, 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 3 Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7400, USA
  • 4 INCAP Research Center for the Prevention of Chronic Diseases, Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama, Guatemala City, Guatemala
  • 5 USC-Office of Population Studies Foundation, Inc., University of San Carlos, Talamban, Cebu City, Cebu, Philippines
  • 6 Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology and Human Development, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Mal. Deodoro, 1160, 3 Andar Zip Code: 96020-220, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • 7 Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd NE #5001, Atlanta GA, 30322, USA
  • 8 Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology and Human Development and Violence Research Centre (DOVE), Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Mal. Deodoro, 1160, 3 Andar Zip Code: 96020-220, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • 9 Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd NE #5001, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA
  • 10 Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Mal. Deodoro, 1160, 3 Andar Zip Code: 96020-220, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
Type
Published Article
Journal
SSM - Population Health
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Aug 14, 2020
Volume
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100648
PMID: 32953965
PMCID: PMC7486449
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

• We aimed to investigate separate and combined biological and social determination of young children’s cognitive performance. • We used path analysis of longitudinal data from birth cohort studies in four differing low-and-middle countries. • We distinguished biological and social factors, as well as household resources from parental capacity. • Biological factors determine birthweight, 2-year height depends on social factors, and the latter drive child cognitive performance. • No single domain intervention provides both necessary and sufficient support for young children’s unfolding development.

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