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Differential effect of mixed D1/D2 and selective D2 dopaminergic antagonists on mouse T and B lymphocyte proliferation and interleukin production in vitro.

Authors
  • Boukhris, W
  • Kouassi, E
  • Revillard, J P
Type
Published Article
Journal
Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1988
Volume
10
Issue
4
Pages
501–512
Identifiers
PMID: 2907753
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effects of some dopaminergic antagonists were investigated on mouse lymphocyte proliferative responses in vitro. The mixed D1/D2 dopaminergic antagonists chlorpromazine, haloperidol and flupentixol inhibited 3H-Thymidine incorporation into adult BALB/c mouse spleen cells stimulated by concanavalin A, lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli, and allogenic cells in a mixed lymphocyte reaction. The inhibition was achieved at concentrations greater than 10(-6) M. It was not accounted for by decreased cell viability and it was no longer demonstrable when the compound was added 24 h or 48 h after the mitogenic stimulus. Conversely selective D2 dopaminergic antagonists sulpiride, metoclopramide and domperidone had no inhibitory effect at concentrations ranging from 10(-9) to 10(-5) or 10(-4) M. The three mixed D1/D2 antagonists inhibited the mitogenic effect of interleukin-1 on concanavalin A-stimulated thymocytes, but not the activity of interleukin-2 on the proliferation of the CTLL-2 cell line. The mixed D1/D2 antagonists interfered with the production of interleukin-2 but not with that of interleukin-1. These results indicate that dopaminergic antagonists may differentially affect lymphocyte proliferative responses to T or B cell mitogens or alloantigens. The mechanisms involved in terms of receptor specific or non specific phenomenons are discussed.

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