The extraction behaviour of tellurium(IV) and tellurium(VI) with sodium diethyldithiocarbamate, ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate and dithizone in organic solvents has been investigated by means of flameless atomic-absorption spectrophotometry with a carbon-tube atomizer. The selective extraction of tellurium(IV) and differential determination of tellurium(IV) and tellurium(VI) have been developed. With sodium diethyldithiocarbamate and carbon tetrachloride, when the aqueous phase/organic solvent volume-ratio is 5 and the injection volume in the carbon tube is 20 microl, the sensitivity for tellurium is 0.3 ng/ml for 1% absorption. The relative standard deviations are ca. 2%. The proposed methods have been applied satisfactorily to determination of tellurium(IV) and tellurium(VI) in various types of water.