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Differential antagonism of alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenoceptor-mediated pressor responses by urotensin I, a selective mesenteric vasodilator peptide.

Authors
  • Bolt, G R
  • Itoh, H
  • Lederis, K
  • MacCannell, K L
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1987
Volume
242
Issue
1
Pages
284–291
Identifiers
PMID: 3039111
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In order to characterize the hemodynamic actions of urotensin I, a vasodilator peptide with selectivity for the mesenteric vascular bed, we studied its hypotensive effects and interference with alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenergic vasoconstrictor responses in the rat. After i.v. administration in anesthetized rats, urotensin I (0.06-6 nmol/kg) produced a dose-dependent lowering of arterial blood pressure. At hypotensive doses, urotensin I was about 3 times more potent in antagonizing systemic pressor responses to the selective alpha-1 adrenoceptor agonist, phenylephrine, than responses to the nonselective adrenoceptor agonist, norepinephrine. Additional studies were performed on the blood-perfused mesenteric bed of the anesthetized rat and on the isolated rat superior mesenteric artery, using as tools phenylephrine, norepinephrine and the relatively selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist, alpha-methylnorepinephrine. The selectivity of the three agonists for vascular alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenoceptors in the blood-perfused mesenteric bed was confirmed using prazosin and yohimbine as selective antagonists of alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenoceptors, respectively. Urotensin I diminished the maximum increase in perfusion pressure and shifted the log dose-response curves to the right for all three agonists. A marked selectivity of urotensin I for alpha-1 adrenoceptor-mediated responses was observed: IC30 values of the peptide for pressor responses to phenylephrine, norepinephrine and alpha-methylnorepinephrine were 0.05, 0.83 and greater than 6 nmol/kg, respectively. A less pronounced selectivity of urotensin I for alpha-1 adrenoceptor-mediated contractions could be demonstrated in isolated strips of the superior mesenteric artery of the rat.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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