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Are there differences in nutrient intake of Brazilian adults according to weight status?

  • Araujo, Marina Campos
  • Estima, Camilla de Chermont Prochnik
  • Yokoo, Edna Massae
  • Lopes, Taís de Souza
  • Pereira, Rosangela Alves
  • Sichieri, Rosely
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2019
Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil
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Abstract It was assessed the intake and prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake according to weight status among Brazilian adults from urban areas (n=16,198) evaluated in the Brazilian National Dietary Survey (NDS – 2008-2009), that obtained food records from two non-consecutive days. The prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake according to weight status was estimated based on Brazilian and international recommendations, in which usual intake was estimated applying the National Cancer Institute method. From 14 nutrients evaluated, six differed according to weight status in men, and only two among women. For men, the mean proportion of energy derived from lipids and saturated fat and mean intake of cholesterol, zinc, and vitamin B12 were greater among those with excess weight compared to those with normal weight; the inverse was observed for dietary fiber. Mean sodium intake was greater and proportion of energy from added sugar intake was lower among obese women compared to overweight ones. Strategies to encourage food consumption with high micronutrient density should be targeted to adult population regardless of their weight status.

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