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Differences in the Level of Functional Fitness and Precise Hand Movements of People with and without Cognitive Disorders.

Authors
  • Anna, Rohan1
  • Jarosław, Fugiel2
  • Izabela, Winkel3
  • Karolina, Lindner4
  • Małgorzata, Kołodziej2
  • Malgorzata, Sobieszczańska4
  • 1 Morphology and Embriology Department, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 2 Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 3 Research and Education Center of Dementia, Ścinawa, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 4 Geriatrics Department, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland. , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Experimental aging research
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2022
Volume
48
Issue
4
Pages
351–361
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/0361073X.2021.1982350
PMID: 34605367
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

to assess and compare the gross and fine motor skills in people with identified cognitive impairment and in people from the control group. The research was conducted at the Center of Dementia-Related Diseases, involved participants with (n = 39) and without (n = 29) cognitive disorders. Fast, precise hand movements were measured via Vienna System Test. The up-and-go, chair-stand, 6-minute walk tests were used to assess functional fitness. The results for participants with and without cognitive disorders were compared. People from both groups do not differ significantly in terms of the level of condition-based functional fitness. Participants with cognitive disorders achieve worse results in hand coordination tests which are more complex and require both speed and accuracy of hand movements. The deterioration of precise hand movements with the correct functional efficiency may indicate degenerative changes in brain areas associated with complex thought processes, conceptual thinking, and may lead to dementia.

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