The aim of this work was to determine whether it is possible to distinguish between fertile (control group, already fathers) and infertile men (suspected infertility), by comparing the fluorescence intensity of the sperm-DNA after incubation with appropriate dyes. First we examined two different DNA-specific dyes (DAPI and YOYO-1) using bull spermatozoa. Based on good results in immunohistochemical applications, YOYO-1 was chosen for further work. The fluorescence-intensity of 200 single, morphologically normal spermatozoa in each semen sample were measured in a cytophotometer, means + SD determined and histograms delineated. Of 20 samples from the control group, 17 had markedly higher fluorescence-intensity than did 7/15 of the suspected infertile men. It is concluded that the DNA of the latter seven samples was less accessible to the dye than was the DNA of the control group. There are cases of infertility known in which there is loss of one or more of the DNA-binding proteins, which in spermatozoa are mainly (85%) protamines. The relationship between the stainability of the sperm-DNA and the packaging with DNA-binding proteins is discussed. Two of the histograms showed abnormalities in the distribution of the fluorescence-intensities, one sample was extremely fragile and most of the sperm lysed during the staining-procedure. Five samples showed normal histograms in comparison with the control group.