Thirteen patients with diffuse ileojejunitis have been diagnosed and treated by us over the past ten years. The disease bears close resemblance to Crohn's disease and may represent a variant of it. No clearcut relationship to celiac sprue was observed in this group of patients. Therapeutic success was obtained in the majority of patients treated with the anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfasalazine and steroids, with four patients requiring resectional surgery, all others manageable by nonsurgical means. There was no mortality in this series of patients.