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Diagnosis of arylsulfatase A deficiency in intact cultured cells using a fluorescent derivative of cerebroside sulfate.

Authors
  • Bach, G
  • Dagan, A
  • Herz, B
  • Gatt, S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical genetics
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1987
Volume
31
Issue
4
Pages
211–217
Identifiers
PMID: 2885115
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A fluorescent derivative of cerebroside sulfate (12-(1-pyrene)dodecanoyl-sphingosylgalactosyl-0-3-sulfate (P12-sulfatide) has been synthesized as a potential substrate for the determination of cerebroside sulfatidase (or arylsulfatase A) activity. It was administered into cultured human skin fibroblasts and thereby utilized for the diagnosis of arylsulfatase A deficiency. Cultured skin fibroblasts from normal individuals and healthy persons suffering from a pseudoarylsulfatase A deficiency (PD) degraded the P12-sulfatide, while in cells derived from a metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) patient it remained essentially intact. This contrasts with in vitro determinations of enzymatic activity, where the MLD or PD-derived arylsulfatase A exhibit similar deficiency, in spite of a profoundly different clinical course. Administration of the fluorescent sulfatide into the intact cells permitted a sensitive and rapid diagnosis of MLD and its distinction from the PD-phenomenon. This might be of particular importance for cases in which a rapid diagnosis is required and for prenatal diagnosis of fetuses from families afflicted with both MLD and pseudo-deficiency mutant genes.

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