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[Diagnosis of aortitis].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal des Maladies Vasculaires
0398-0499
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
26
Issue
4
Pages
223–227
Identifiers
PMID: 11679850
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Aortitis can be a component of a variety of diseases, such as Takayasu arteritis, giant cell arteritis, Behçet's syndrome, Cogan's syndrome, spondylarthropathies, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, Erdheim-Chester's disease and a variety of infectious processes like syphilis, Salmonella and others. The presentation is variable: aortic valve regurgitation, aneurysm, dissection, stenosis of the aorta or its initial branches. Sometimes systemic manifestations are at first presentation like fever or inflammatory syndrome. The differential diagnosis may be difficult in some situation like inflammatory aortic atherosclerotic aneurism, or retroperitoneal fibrosis. Some aortitis remain idiopathic. Corticosteroid and sometimes surgery are mostly required to avoid life-threatening complications.

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