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Diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Medical clinics of North America
Publication Date
Volume
88
Issue
4
Identifiers
PMID: 15308388
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy are arguably the two most dreaded complications of diabetes. Together they contribute to serious morbidity and mortality. As they progress to end-stage renal disease and blindness, they impose enormous medical, economic,and social costs on both the patient and the health care system. Because nephropathy and retinopathy are frequently linked in patients,this article reviews their common and individual aspects of pathophysiology, clinical features, and management.

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