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Diabetes insipidus and blindness caused by a suprasellar tumor: Pieter Pauw's observations from the 16th century.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
JAMA
Publication Date
Volume
279
Issue
1
Pages
48–50
Identifiers
PMID: 9424043
Source
Medline

Abstract

Tumors in the suprasellar region may cause both visual and endocrinologic symptoms. This association, well known to modern physicians, was established during the 19th century. However, we have identified a 16th-century autopsy report, written by the Dutch professor of anatomy Pieter Pauw (1564-1617), which describes an 18-year-old girl who developed marked polyuria and subsequently became totally blind from a cystic tumor compressing the optic chiasm. Based on prevailing theories on the nature of diabetes, Pauw attributed the disease to the kidneys. Undoubtedly, however, his lucid report is the earliest known account of diabetes insipidus caused by an arachnoid cyst, the Rathke cleft cyst, or craniopharyngioma in the region of the pouch of Rathke. The description also gives insights into the role of anatomic dissections in late 16th-century northern Europe.

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