Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Modeling of predissection aortic size in acute type A dissection: More than 90% fail to meet the guidelines for elective ascending replacement

Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.05.050
  • Chemistry
  • Medicine


Objectives The current guidelines for ascending aortic replacement were determined from already dissected aorta diameters. Previous computed tomography-based work on humans who underwent imaging before and directly after aortic dissection onset has shown an average 30% increase in the ascending aortic diameter with acute dissection. The present investigation evaluated the incidence of predissection ascending aortic dilatation in acute type A dissection. Methods From 2002 to 2013, 495 patients presented with acute type A aortic dissection to 1 center. Of these cases, 343 were non-Marfan, nonbicuspid with spontaneous dissection etiology. In those with available preoperative computed tomography angiograms (n = 83) or transesophageal echocardiograms (n = 260), the predissection ascending aorta diameters were modeled from the dissected aorta diameters by subtraction of the average diameter increase rate. Results Altogether 343 patients were included (age, 62 years; range, 53-73; 64% men). The median modeled predissection ascending diameter was 3.7 cm (first quartile, 3.3; third quartile, −4.1). Of the 343 patients, 334 (97%) and 315 (92%) had an ascending diameter before dissection onset of <5.5 cm and <5.0 cm, respectively. More than 60% of women and 70% of men had a nondilated ascending aorta before type A dissection onset. The median predissection ascending aortic diameter did not differ between women and men (3.7 cm; first quartile, 3.4; third quartile, 4.2; vs 3.7 cm; first quartile, 3.3; third quartile, 4.1; P = .810). Conclusions More than 60% of patients with spontaneous, non-Marfan, nonbicuspid, type A dissection will have a nondilated ascending aorta before dissection onset. Only 3% would meet the criteria for elective ascending replacement to prevent aortic dissection. Additional research on the genetic and biochemical predictors of aortic dissection is essential.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.