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Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive relating to special provisions for vehicles used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat and amending Council Directive 70/156/EEC. COM (97) 276 final, 18 June 1997

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COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES- Brussels, 18.06.1997 COM(97) 276 final 97/0176 (COD) Proposal for a EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DIRECTIVE relating to special provisions for vehicles used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat and amending Council Directive 70/156/EEC (presented by the Commission) User Rectangle EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM A. Objective of the proposal This propo~al for a directive sets out in the context of the European system for type-approval special provisions for vehicles used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat (buses and coaches). 1. The framework direetive regulating the European type-approval of motor vehicles in the European Union is laid down in Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6 February 19701, as lastamended by Directive 93/81/EEC2 At the current time, whole vehicle type-approval is only possible for cars, since it is only for this product sector that all the -45 separate directives on motor vehicle components and systems have been adopted and implemented. Whole vehicle type-approval for cars has become mandatory for new types of cars from I January 1996 in the Union. It will be mandatory for all new vehicles from 1 January 1998. 2. By contrast, for all other vehicle categories, certain separate directives still have to be adopted before a whole vehicle type-approval can be envisaged. In the case of buses and coaches two key directives are missing; the directive on masses and dimensions (COM(91) 239 Final of 8 July 1991), and a directive on the technical construction characteristics of buses and coaches and the fitting out of those vehicles. This Directive, which is based on Article 1 OOa of the Treaty, draws up proposals in this area. Once these two directives have been adopted the technical conditions will exist for whole vehicle type-approval to be introduced for these vehicles; in order

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