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Developmental and age-related changes in D1-dopamine receptors and dopamine content in the rat striatum.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Brain Research
0006-8993
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
432
Issue
2
Pages
283–290
Identifiers
PMID: 2960426
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The relationship between the postnatal development of dopaminergic (DAergic) nerve endings and the maturation of D1 DA receptors in the rat striatum was analyzed by measuring the content of DA and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), two biochemical markers of DAergic nerve terminal proliferation, and the ontogenetic changes in [3H]SCH 23390 binding sites. DA-stimulated adenylate cyclase (AC) activity was also measured in order to characterize the coupling of [3H]SCH 23390 binding sites to the responses mediated by the activation of D1 DA receptors. Striatal levels of DA and DOPAC, as well as the density and affinity of [3H]SCH 23390 binding sites and DA-stimulated AC activity were also measured in senescent rats. The striatal content of DA increased slowly after birth, reaching adult levels by postnatal day 60 and remaining constant through adulthood and senescence (up to 20 months of age). The density of [3H]SCH 23390 binding sites increased 14-fold from birth to postnatal day 35, when a peak value was reached, whereas a significant decrease was observed in the striatum of aged rats. In contrast, the affinity of D1 DA receptors for [3H]SCH 23390 remained unchanged from birth through senescence. The stimulation of cyclic AMP formation induced by 100 microM DA increased 4-fold from birth to postnatal day 14, when the maximal responsiveness to DA was observed and then returned to adult levels. No significant alterations were observed in the Km values during development, whereas the stimulatory effect of 100 microM DA on AC activity was significantly decreased in senescent rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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