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Development and Validation of a Moral Distress Scale for Nursing Students.

Authors
  • Bordignon, Simoní Saraiva1
  • Lunardi, Valéria Lerch2
  • Barlem, Edison Luiz2
  • de Lima Dalmolin, Graziele3
  • da Silveira, Rosemary Silva2
  • Souza Ramos, Flávia Regina4
  • Tomaschewski Barlem, Jamila2
  • 1 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil [email protected]
  • 2 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.
  • 3 Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.
  • 4 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of nursing measurement
Publication Date
Nov 16, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1891/JNM-D-19-00001
PMID: 33199483
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study was aimed to develop and validate a scale to measure the frequency and the intensity of the moral distress experienced by nursing students. Methodological study in which a guideline with eight steps: (a) to determine what to measure, (b) to produce items, (c) format to measure, (d) review by experts, (e) validation of items, (f) sample, (g) assessment (h) scale length was used to develop and validate a scale. The sample was composed of 499 undergraduate nursing students from three Brazilian universities. Six constructs were identified in the factor analysis. The instrument and dimensions presented satisfactory internal consistency, with Cronbach's alpha coefficients equal to .97 and between .60 and .97, respectively. The developed scale is able to analyze the intensity and the frequency of Moral Distress in nursing students, in a valid and reliable way. © Copyright 2020 Springer Publishing Company, LLC.

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