Objective: The monoclonal IgG anti-double-stranded (ds) DNA antibody 32B9, obtained from a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus, was found to be encoded by somatically mutated immunoglobulin genes. We examined the input of several somatic mutations into antibody specificity and affinity. Methods: Five single-chain (sc) Fv fragments [variable domain of the heavy chain (VH)-linker-variable domain of the light chain (VL)] derived from 32B9 were constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli. These scFv fragments contained VH or VL fragments, differing in the somatic mutation pattern. The antigen binding features of the 32B9 IgG were compared with the corresponding scFv fragments, and the binding to DNA of all fragments was analyzed by ELISA. Binding constants to dsDNA were determined by surface plasmon resonance and ELISA. Results: The scFv 32B9 reflected the binding features of the 32B9 IgG. Independently of the somatic mutations, all scFv fragments bound to dsDNA in ELISA. The affinity data indicated that the mutations studied had only a marginal effect on affinity maturation of the 32B9. Discussion: We discuss the approach to constructing scFv fragments as a tool to study autoantibody maturation.