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Development of rugged and crack-resistant structures in ceramics (review)

Authors
  • Belyakov, A. V.1, 2
  • Bakunov, V. S.1, 2
  • 1 D. I. Mendeleev Russian Chemical Engineering University, Moscow, Russia , Moscow
  • 2 United Institute of High Temperatures of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia , Moscow
Type
Published Article
Journal
Glass and Ceramics
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1998
Volume
55
Issue
1-2
Pages
13–18
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/BF03180137
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The paper considers methods for increasing crack resistance in ceramics, including microcracking in local stress areas, reorientation of crack movement, polymorphous martensite transition in partly stabilized zirconium dioxide, and bridging of cracks with a plastic phase or crystals with highly nonisometric shape (plates, needles, fibers) in the context of the irreversibility and nonequilibrium, producing self-organization, and a synergetic approach. The possibility of increasing crack resistance due to diffuse polymorphous transitions, twinning, and mechanochemical reactions is discussed.

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