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Development of potent inhibitors of the coxsackievirus 3C protease.

Authors
  • Lee, Eui Seung
  • Lee, Won Gil
  • Yun, Soo-Hyeon
  • Rho, Seong Hwan
  • Im, Isak
  • Yang, Sung Tae
  • Sellamuthu, Saravanan
  • Lee, Yong Jae
  • Kwon, Sun Jae
  • Park, Ohkmae K
  • Jeon, Eun-Seok
  • Park, Woo Jin
  • Kim, Yong-Chul
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Publication Date
Jun 22, 2007
Volume
358
Issue
1
Pages
7–11
Identifiers
PMID: 17485072
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) 3C protease (3CP) plays essential roles in the viral replication cycle, and therefore, provides an attractive therapeutic target for treatment of human diseases caused by CVB3 infection. CVB3 3CP and human rhinovirus (HRV) 3CP have a high degree of amino acid sequence similarity. Comparative modeling of these two 3CPs revealed one prominent distinction; an Asn residue delineating the S2' pocket in HRV 3CP is replaced by a Tyr residue in CVB3 3CP. AG7088, a potent inhibitor of HRV 3CP, was modified by substitution of the ethyl group at the P2' position with various hydrophobic aromatic rings that are predicted to interact preferentially with the Tyr residue in the S2' pocket of CVB3 3CP. The resulting derivatives showed dramatically increased inhibitory activities against CVB3 3CP. In addition, one of the derivatives effectively inhibited the CVB3 proliferation in vitro.

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