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Development and pilot testing of the treatment and education approach for childhood-onset lupus (TEACH): a cognitive behavioral treatment

Authors
  • Cunningham, Natoshia R.1, 2
  • Fussner, Lauren M.2
  • Moorman, Erin2
  • Avar Aydin, Pinar O.1, 3
  • Brunner, Hermine I.1, 3
  • Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita1, 2
  • 1 University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA , Cincinnati (United States)
  • 2 Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, MLC 7039, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA , Cincinnati (United States)
  • 3 Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Division of Rheumatology, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA , Cincinnati (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric Rheumatology
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Feb 18, 2019
Volume
17
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12969-019-0307-8
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundTo develop and test the feasibility and initial effectiveness of the Treatment and Education Approach for Childhood-onset Lupus (TEACH) protocol, a 6-session cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention for adolescents and young adults (AYA) with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE).MethodsFemales with cSLE (n = 14; ages 13–19 years, M = 16.21 years) presenting to a pediatric rheumatology clinic subsequently completed the protocol, which was iteratively modified based on participant/interventionist feedback. Upon intervention completion, participants provided qualitative data on feasibility, acceptability, potential modifications, and perceived effectiveness of the program via a semi-structured interview, which was analyzed for shared themes. Participants also completed measures of fatigue, psychological distress, and pain intensity before and after the intervention. Nonparametric statistics were conducted to examine changes in outcome measures following the intervention.ResultsDuring the study, several protocol modifications were employed to better address the unique needs of individuals with cSLE (e.g., separate content for adolescents versus young adults). Results suggest that TEACH is feasible, acceptable, and potentially effective in the management of cSLE symptoms. Following the intervention, there was a statistically significant reduction in fatigue (Z = − 2.81, p < .01) and depressive symptoms (Z = − 2.69, p < .01). Reductions in pain and anxiety symptoms were marginal.ConclusionsTEACH, a tailored CBT protocol for AYA with cSLE, is a feasible and potentially effective intervention for the management of fatigue and depressive symptoms. Future directions include testing the protocol in a larger controlled study.

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