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Development of photochemical integrated submerged membrane bioreactor for textile dyeing wastewater treatment.

Authors
  • Sathya, U1, 2
  • Keerthi, P3
  • Nithya, M2
  • Balasubramanian, N4
  • 1 Environmental Science and Engineering Division, CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Chennai, 600 020, India. , (India)
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai, 600 025, India. , (India)
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai, 600 025, India. [email protected] , (India)
  • 4 Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai, 600 025, India. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental geochemistry and health
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2021
Volume
43
Issue
2
Pages
885–896
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10653-020-00570-x
PMID: 32335846
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

A pilot-scale photocatalytic membrane bioreactor (PMBR) was developed for the treatment of textile dyeing wastewater. The PMBR is made of mild steel rectangular reactor of photocatalytic unit and polyethersulphone submerged hollow fibre membrane bioreactor unit with the working volume of about 20 L. For easy recovery, the tungsten oxide (WO3) and WO3/1% graphene oxide (GO)-powdered photocatalyst were made into bead and immersed in photocatalytic reactor. Graphene oxide incorporation has shown better results in decolourisation and degradation when compared with WO3 alginate alone. The incorporation of GO into WO3 minimises the recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. The operating conditions such as 3 h of contact time for photocatalysis reaction (WO3/1% GO), 10 h hydraulic retention time for MBR and 100 kPa of transmembrane pressure were optimised. Chemical oxygen demand removal efficiency of 48% was attained with photocatalysis, and the removal efficiency was further increased up to 76% when integrated with MBR. The colour removal efficiency after photocatalysis was 25% further increased up to 70% with MBR. Complete total suspended solid removal has been achieved with this hybrid system.

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