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Development of microsatellite markers for three at risk tiger beetles Cicindela dorsalis dorsalis, C. d. media, and C. puritana

Authors
  • Aunins, Aaron W.1
  • Eackles, Michael S.1
  • Kazyak, David C.1
  • Drummond, Michael R.2
  • King, Timothy L.1
  • 1 Leetown Science Center, 11649 Leetown Road, Kearneysville, WV, 25430, USA , Kearneysville (United States)
  • 2 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Virginia Field Office (Retired), 6669 Short Lane, Gloucester, VA, 23061, USA , Gloucester (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Research Notes
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Mar 23, 2020
Volume
13
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13104-020-04985-8
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

ObjectiveTiger beetles inhabiting sandy beaches and cliffs along the east coast of the United States are facing increasing habitat loss due to erosion, urbanization, and sea level rise. The northeastern beach tiger beetle Cicindela dorsalis dorsalis and Puritan tiger beetle Cicindela puritana are both listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, while the white beach tiger beetle Cicindela dorsalis media is not listed but has been declining. Extirpation of these beetles, in some cases from entire states, has isolated many populations reducing gene flow and elevating the risk for the loss of genetic variation. To facilitate investigations of population genetic structure, we developed suites of microsatellite loci for conservation genetic studies.ResultsShotgun genomic sequencing of all species identified thousands of candidate microsatellite loci, among which 17 loci were optimized and verified to cross-amplify within C. d. media and C. d. dorsalis, and eight separate loci were optimized for C. puritana. Most loci conformed to Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, showed no evidence of linkage disequilibrium or null alleles, and revealed population genetic characteristics informative for natural resource managers among the populations tested.

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