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Development of a method to quantify gene expression levels for glycosylation pathway genes in chinese hamster ovary cell cultures.

Authors
  • Clark, Kevin J-R
  • Harcum, Sarah W
  • Griffiths, Jennifer
  • Bailey, Kevin M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2005
Volume
125
Issue
3
Pages
159–173
Identifiers
PMID: 15917580
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Changes in protein glycosylation owing to changes in environmental conditions are not well understood. To better understand these relationships, methods to quantify controlling factors are needed. Because enzymes are translated from genes, the ability to quantify gene expression levels for glycosylation-related enzymes would be advantageous. We developed quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays to monitor gene expression in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for five terminal glycosylation genes. The five enzymes were sialidase, a putative alpha2,3-sialyltransferase, beta1,4-galactosyltransferase, cytosine monophosphate-sialic acid transporter, and uracil diphosphate-galactosyl transporter. Four of these CHO cell genes were publicly available from GenBank; however, the alpha2,3-sialyltransferase gene for Cricetulus griseus (CHO cell species) was not available and, therefore, was sequenced as a part of this work. The qRT-PCR primers and probes (based on the TaqMan chemistry) were designed and validated for these five genes. The gene expression profiles were obtained for CHO cells producing the recombinant interleukin-4/13 cytokine trap molecule in batch reactors.

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