[Background] Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) causes physical and mental symptoms in women during the luteal phase of the menstruation cycle. To confirm the relationship between symptoms and the menstruation cycle, daily symptom records are essential for diagnosing PMS. The daily record of severity of problems (DRSP) is currently the most validated tool for tracking symptoms to confirm and scale the severity of PMS, but there has been no validated Japanese version of this instrument. We developed a Japanese version of the DRSP and assessed its psychometric properties. [Methods] A Japanese version of the DRSP was developed following the translation guidelines of the latest Patient-Reported Outcomes Consortium. We conducted a computational psychometric study among 119 women, all of whom completed the Japanese version of the DRSP, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) scale, and a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for general health status. Each was filled out twice, 2 weeks apart, so that one set was completed in the luteal phase. [Results] The Japanese version of the DRSP was developed with translation and cultural adaptation. The internal consistency coefficient for the total score was 0.93. The DRSP in the luteal phase correlated highly with the CES-D, PMDD scale, and NRS for general health status. [Conclusions] Our Japanese version of the DRSP, developed as a PMS/PMDD diagnostic tool, was shown to provide substantial validity and reliability to rate premenstrual symptoms for Japanese women.