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Development of healthcare use across contemporary retirement pathways: results from a register based cohort study.

Authors
  • König, Stefanie1
  • Kelfve, Susanne2, 3
  • Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas2
  • Wetzel, Martin4
  • 1 Department of Psychology and Centre for Ageing and Health - AgeCap, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 2 Division Ageing and Social Change, Department of Culture and Society, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 3 Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 4 Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scandinavian journal of public health
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2022
Volume
50
Issue
4
Pages
440–447
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1403494821998901
PMID: 33739184
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

We aimed to understand the interplay between retirement pathways and healthcare use in the postponed and structurally changing context of retirement. Based on Swedish register data on income and healthcare use, we applied combined sequence and cluster analysis to identify typical pathways into retirement and analysed their relation to healthcare use developments. We detected five distinct pathways into retirement. Level of healthcare use was significantly higher for the pathway via disability pensions. We saw an overall increase in healthcare use across the retirement process that was related to age rather than to the different pathways. Level of healthcare use at the beginning of the retirement process may be related to selection into different pathways of retirement. We did not find clear evidence across several healthcare measures that different pathways lead to different developments in healthcare use.

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