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Development of a fusion protein SNVP as substrate for assaying multi-serotype botulinum neurotoxins

Authors
  • Luo, Sen
  • Li, Tao
  • Wang, Qin
  • Tian, Renmao
  • Liu, Hao
  • Fang, Huali
  • Chen, Fanghong
  • Wang, Hui
Type
Published Article
Journal
Analytical Biochemistry
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2013
Accepted Date
Jun 24, 2013
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2013.06.019
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The SNARE super family has three core members, namely SNAP-25, VAMP-2, and syntaxin. SNAP-25 is cleaved by botulinum toxins (BoNTs)/A, /C, and /E, whereas VAMP-2 is the substrate for proteolytic BoNTs/B, /D, /F, and /G. In this study, we constructed a hybrid gene encoding the fusion protein SNVP that encompasses SNAP-25 residues Met1 to Gly206 and VAMP-2 residues Met1 to Lys94. The hybrid gene was cloned in a prokaryotic vector carrying an N-terminal pelB signal sequence and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) Rosetta. To easily purify the protein, 6× His double-affinity tags were designed as the linker and C terminus of the fusion protein. SNVP was purified to homogeneity by affinity chromatography on a HisTrap FF column and determined to be more than 97% pure by sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. N-terminal sequencing of the purified protein showed that signal peptide was successfully removed. The fusion protein SNVP contained the protease cleavage sites of all seven serotypes of BoNTs. SNVP was also proved to be recognized and cleaved by the endopeptidase of BoNTs (BoNT/A–LC, BoNT/B–LC, BoNT/E–LC, and BoNT/G–LC). The novel fusion substrate SNVP exhibited high biological activity under the optimal conditions, suggesting its potential use as a reagent for BoNT assay.

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