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Development of a decision support system for residential construction using panellised walls: approach and preliminary results.

Authors
  • Nussbaum, Maury A
  • Shewchuk, John P
  • Kim, Sunwook
  • Seol, Hyang
  • Guo, Cheng
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ergonomics
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2009
Volume
52
Issue
1
Pages
87–103
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/00140130802480869
PMID: 19308822
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

There is a high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among residential construction workers, yet control in this industry can be difficult for a number of reasons. A decision support system (DSS) is described here to allow early assessment of both ergonomic and productivity concerns, specifically by designers. Construction using prefabricated walls (panels) is the focus of current DSS development and is based conceptually on an existing 'Safety in Construction Design' model. A stepwise description of the development process is provided, including input from end users, taxonomy development and task analysis, construction worker input, detailed laboratory-based simulations and modelling/solution approaches and implementation. Preliminary results are presented for several steps. These results suggest that construction activities using panels can be efficiently represented, that some of these activities involve exposure to high levels of WMSD risk and that several assumptions are required to allow for ease of mathematical and computational implementation of the DSS. Successful development of such tools, which allow for proactive control of exposures, is argued as having substantial potential benefit.

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