A model to establish customised birthweight standards for the Chinese population was developed, using data from a cohort of 1564 Chinese women with normal singleton pregnancies. Multiple regression analysis was performed using maternal height, weight, parity, gestation at delivery and fetal sex as independent (predictor) variables. From this, a customised ideal birthweight for each baby can be estimated, and the normality of the actual birthweight can be evaluated according to this, rather than from population standards. The results of this study show that birthweights are strongly influenced by maternal characteristics, confirming conclusions from similar studies in other ethnic populations. The overall mean birthweight at 280 days of gestation was 3252 g, which was smaller than that of the Caucasian population. Birthweight increased with maternal height (5.1 g/cm), maternal booking weight (10.2 g/kg) and gestation at delivery (18.3 g/day from 280 days). Babies from women who had two previous deliveries weighed 145.2 g more than the nulliparous. Male babies were 84.8 g heavier than females. Adjustment using these results produces a customised ideal birthweight for each baby. When compared with population based standards, customised birthweight standards identified significantly fewer small for gestational age (SGA - birthweight below 10th centile, McNemar Chi square = 19.1, p < 0.01) and fewer large for gestational age (LGA - birthweight above 90th centile, McNemar Chi square = 23.7, p < 0.01) cases.