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Developing a National Center of Excellence for Prostate Imaging

  • Walton-Diaz, Annerleim1, 2, 3
  • Madariaga-Venegas, Manuel1, 4
  • Aviles, Nicolas1, 5
  • Roman, Juan Carlos1, 2, 3
  • Gallegos, Ivan1, 3
  • Burotto, Mauricio6, 7
  • 1 Urofusión, Santiago, Chile , Santiago (Chile)
  • 2 Instituto Nacional del Cáncer Chile, Urology, Santiago, Chile , Santiago (Chile)
  • 3 Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile , Santiago (Chile)
  • 4 Radiology Complejo Hospitalario San José, Santiago, Chile , Santiago (Chile)
  • 5 Urology Hospital San Juan de Dios, Santiago, Chile , Santiago (Chile)
  • 6 Centro de Estudios Clínicos Bradford Hill, Santiago, Chile , Santiago (Chile)
  • 7 Clínica Universidad de los Andes, Oncology, Santiago, Chile , Santiago (Chile)
Published Article
Current Urology Reports
Springer US
Publication Date
Sep 02, 2019
DOI: 10.1007/s11934-019-0923-3
Springer Nature


Purpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to summarize the most current literature regarding the most important aspects to consider when developing a center of excellence for prostate imaging and biopsy.Recent FindingsMultiparametric MRI (mp-MRI) has changed the way we diagnose and treat prostate cancer. This imaging modality allows for more precise identification of areas suspicious in terms of harboring prostate cancer, enabling performance of targeted mp-MRI-guided biopsies that have been demonstrated to yield superior cancer detection rates. Centers worldwide are increasingly adopting this technology. However, obtaining results comparable with those findings published in the literature can be challenging. The imaging and biopsy process entails the need for a multidisciplinary team including a dedicated radiologist, urologist, and pathologist. Adequate mp-MRI interpretation for accurate lesion identification, acquaintance with the biopsy technique selected, and precise characterization of Gleason Score/Grade Groupings are equal determinants of accurate biopsy results. Furthermore, all specialists are required to attain appropriate learning curves to ensure optimal results.SummaryIn this review, we characterize crucial aspects to consider when developing a center of excellence for prostate imaging and biopsy as well as insights regarding how to implement them.

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