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Developing an algorithm for automated geometric analysis and classification of landslides incorporating LiDAR-derived DEM

Authors
  • Pirasteh, Saied
  • Li, Jonathan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Earth Sciences
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2018
Volume
77
Issue
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12665-018-7583-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Amending landslides inventories is immensely important to policy and decision makers alike. Sliding creates geometric shapes on the Earth’s surface. This study presents the utilization of LiDAR high-resolution digital elevation model (DEM) in the Alborz Mountains, Iran to refurbish the existing landslide inventory dataset by implementing the proposed algorithm. The method consists of the automated derivation of landslide geometry (length, width, and area) followed by classification of landslide types considering length, width and flow direction. This study has used the trapezoidal rule for numerical integration to develop the proposed algorithm. The landslides were then classified into four types (very long, long, very wide, and wide) based on slope, length, and width. This geometric classification of landslides is based on the geographical coordinates, slope angle (θ), length (L), and width (W), and further failure flow direction. A total of 95 landslides were updated from the existing inventory database. The proposed method was verified and evaluated by field observations; and 14 samples were tested to determine the relative error. The results demonstrated that the mean percentage relative error is 0.496% in length and width and 0.008% in area, related to the GIS analysis. The accuracy performance of determining the landslide’s type is 92%. The purposefulness of this algorithm is to increase the accuracy performance of landslides geometry analysis and automated measurements associated with the usual GIS platforms such as ArcGIS.

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