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Determination of organometallic compounds in surface water and sediment samples with SPME-CGC-ICPMS

Authors
  • De Smaele, Tom1
  • Moens, Luc1
  • Sandra, Pat2
  • Dams, Richard1
  • 1 Ghent University, Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Institute for Nuclear Sciences, Proeftuinstraat 86, Gent, B-9000, Belgium , Gent
  • 2 Ghent University, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Krijgslaan 281 S4, Gent, B-9000, Belgium , Gent
Type
Published Article
Journal
Microchimica Acta
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1999
Volume
130
Issue
4
Pages
241–251
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/BF01242912
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Organometal compounds of tin, mercury and lead were simultaneously determined in environmental water and sediment samples by CGC-ICPMS. Instead of classical liquid/liquid extractions, solid phase microextraction was used as sampling technique. In this method, the organometallic compounds arein situ derivatised in the aqueous phase and simultaneously extracted onto a polydimethylsiloxane fiber, so that organic solvents are no longer necessary. The sorbed organometals are subsequently released from the fiber in the GC injection liner by thermal desorption. By sampling from the headspace, only the species of interest are sampled and no interfering matrix components are coextracted. With this new method, derivatisation, extraction, preconcentration and injection into the GC takes only 10 min with a minimum of handling steps. Owing to the very low detection limits (0.13–3.7 ng/1 as metal) only small sample amounts (25 ml of water, 0.5 g of sediment) are needed for one analysis. Finally, SPME is an inexpensive sampling technique that can be used with standard split/splitless injection systems.

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