A study was undertaken to determine the effective dosage of GH-releasing hormone (GRF) required to produce blood GH response in mithun (Bos frontalis), a semi-wild ruminant species. For the purpose, 12 mithuns averaging 11.5 months of age and 146 kg body weight (BW) were randomly assigned to receive GRF (n = 12), administered at 0 (normal saline), 5, 10 and 20 mug per 100 kg BW. Blood samples were collected prior to and after GRF administration at -60, -45, -30, -15, -10, -5, 0 min and 5, 10, 15, 30 and thereafter, at 15-min interval up to 8 h post-GRF were assayed for plasma GH. For all the dosages, the pre-treatment GH concentrations and corresponding area under GH response curve (AUC) were similar (p > 0.05). The post-GRF plasma GH responses to different dosages of GRF viz. 5, 10 and 20 mug per 100 kg BW and corresponding AUCs were higher (p < 0.05) than those recorded in normal saline-treated controls. The GH responses to 10 and 20 mug GRF per 100 kg BW and corresponding AUCs were higher (p < 0.05) than those registered in mithuns administered with 5 mug GRF per 100 kg BW. Interestingly, post-GRF concentration of plasma GH and AUCs were not different for 10 and 20 mug GRF per 100 kg BW dosages. In all animals treated with GRF, a peak of GH was registered within 10 to 20 min post-GRF. Following 5 mug GRF per 100 kg BW, GH concentrations were maintained at higher level for 90 min post-GRF and thereafter became similar to that of controls and it was 435 min for 10 and 20 mug GRF per 100 kg BW dosages. In conclusion, our results suggest that 10 mug GRF per 100 kg BW is the dosage, which can be used for augmentation of mithun production.