Three classes of antiretroviral agents are usually available for the treatment of HIV infection: nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (IN), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (INN) and protease inhibitors (IP). Two methods by reversed-phase liquid chromatography were developed for the analysis of 19 antiretroviral molecules belonging to these three therapeutic classes and used in medicinal products. Both of these HPLC techniques use a C18 column and UV detection. The first method is for IN family analysis and allows eight molecules to be separated: zalcitabine, lamivudine, amdoxovir, emtricitabine, didanosine, stavudine, zidovudine and abacavir. The second method is for INN and IP family analysis and allows 11 molecules to be separated: fosamprenavir, nevirapine, indinavir, amprenavir, saquinavir, atazanavir, ritonavir, lopinavir, efavirenz, nelfinavir and tipranavir. The combination of these two methods makes possible the quality control of mono-, bi- or tri-therapy pharmaceutical products and the detection of illegal products sold particularly in developing countries.