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DETERMINANTS OF SUICIDE IN PACIFIC REGION AND NEEDS FOR CONSIDERING EQUALITY AMONGST PACIFIC PEOPLE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Running Title: Determinants of suicide in Pacific region

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pacific Journal of Medical Sciences
Publication Date
Dec 09, 2018
Accepted Date
Oct 08, 2018
Volume
19
Issue
1
Pages
17–29
Source
MyScienceWork
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that at least 800,000 individuals lose their lives each year, as a result of suicide. Due to lack of previous studies in the Pacific region, this systematic review is written to identify the available literature on suicide in the Pacific region and its respective prevalence and determinants. Furthermore, this study set out to investigate any evident inequalities present within the Pacific regarding suicide. This systematic review study applied Cochrane Library Guidelines to search, review, appraise, and analyse articles related to suicide. Both qualitative and quantitative articles published between 2000 and 2017 in English language and published in databases such as Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsychInfo, ExcerptaMedicaDataBASE (EMBASE), Scopus, and Web of Science were selected. Medical subheadings (MeSH) and keywords were utilised to achieve the relevant articles. A data extraction sheet was created, and descriptive statistics applied to analyse the data. A total of 24 peer reviewed research papers were included. Majority of studies were conducted in New Zealand (29.15%) and only one of these studies was applied as a randomized controlled trial. Questionnaires were the most frequently used data collection tool. There were five largely evident determinants of suicide factors - culture and ethnicity (15 studies), religion (9 studies), marital issues (10 studies), gender (11 studies) and mental health (12 studies). The results of this study highlighted the main determinates which affect equality among Pacific people regarding to Suicide. They are reason enough for further research as they can allow medical professionals to design preventative measures for these groups who can be considered high risk

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