Affordable Access

Determinants of phencyclidine potency on the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors from muscle and electric organ.

Authors
  • Eterović, V A
  • Lu, R
  • Eakin, A E
  • Rodríguez, A D
  • Ferchmin, P A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cellular and molecular neurobiology
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1999
Volume
19
Issue
6
Pages
745–757
Identifiers
PMID: 10456235
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

1. Phencyclidine (PCP) is an inhibitor of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) with characteristics of an open-channel blocker. The location of PCP binding site on the AChR molecule is unknown. 2. PCP inhibits the AChR from electric organ with a higher potency than muscle AChR. To find the molecular basis of this difference, we expressed the two native and six hybrid receptors, and two receptors containing mutated mouse gamma subunits in Xenopus laevis oocytes. The inhibition of ACh-induced current in these receptors by PCP was studied using whole-cell voltage-clamp. All hybrid receptors generated robust ACh-induced currents, while incomplete receptors (gamma-less or delta-less) did not. 3. PCP potency was higher on hybrids containing Torpedo beta and gamma subunits regardless of the alpha and delta subunit origin. A mouse gamma subunit containing the asparagine 6' to the serine mutation in the M2 segment conferred a high sensitivity to PCP. 4. These results support the conclusion that the amino acid residues at the position 6' of the M2 segments contribute to the PCP potency difference between Torpedo and mouse receptors. 5. Another noncompetitive inhibitor of the AChR, the cembranoid eupalmerin acetate (EUAC), also inhibited the electric organ receptor with a somewhat higher potency than muscle AChR. However, the IC50 values for EUAC inhibition of hybrid receptors did not follow the pattern observed for PCP. Therefore, these two inhibitors interact differently with the AChR molecule.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times