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Determinants of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in a cohort from Durban, South Africa.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Pediatric infectious disease journal
Publication Date
Volume
15
Issue
7
Pages
604–610
Identifiers
PMID: 8823855
Source
Medline

Abstract

This study, the first from South Africa, has confirmed that the rate of vertical transmission of HIV-1 is as high as that reported from most African cohorts. Cesarean sections were protective against transmission, whereas low hemoglobin values values were associated with an increased risk of transmission. Twelve months could be used as the cutoff age for teh diagnosis of vertical infection using antibody tests.

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