This study, the first from South Africa, has confirmed that the rate of vertical transmission of HIV-1 is as high as that reported from most African cohorts. Cesarean sections were protective against transmission, whereas low hemoglobin values values were associated with an increased risk of transmission. Twelve months could be used as the cutoff age for teh diagnosis of vertical infection using antibody tests.
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
This record was last updated on 07/02/2016 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8823855