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Determinants of changes in blood glucose response to short-term exercise training in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

Authors
  • Hordern, Matthew D1
  • Cooney, Louise M
  • Beller, Elaine M
  • Prins, Johannes B
  • Marwick, Thomas H
  • Coombes, Jeff S
  • 1 School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4102, Australia. [email protected] , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical Science
Publisher
Portland Press
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2008
Volume
115
Issue
9
Pages
273–281
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1042/CS20070422
PMID: 18254721
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a 4-week exercise training intervention on blood glucose, insulin sensitivity, BMI (body mass index) and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with Type 2 diabetes, and to identify and establish criteria for patients who are more likely to improve their blood glucose from short-term exercise training. A randomized, controlled trial of exercise training, comprising two supervised and one non-supervised sessions of individualized cardiorespiratory and resistance exercise per week, was performed in 132 healthy patients with Type 2 diabetes (exercise training group, n=68), with the aim of accumulating a minimum of 150 min of moderate-intensity exercise for 4 weeks. BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipid profile, blood glucose, insulin, insulin sensitivity [calculated by HOMA(IR) (homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance) and QUICKI (quantitative insulin check index)], beta-cell function (calculated by HOMA(beta-Cell)), HbA(1c) (glycated haemoglobin) and VO(2max) (maximal oxygen consumption) were measured at baseline and at 4 weeks. The exercise training group had significant improvements in VO(2max), BMI and triacylglycerols (triglycerides). There were no significant changes in blood glucose, HOMA(IR), QUICKI or HOMA(beta-Cell). Decreases in blood glucose were significantly predicted by baseline blood glucose and HbA(1c), with these variables accounting for 15.9% of the change in blood glucose (P<0.001). ROC (receiver operator characteristic) curve analysis revealed that patients with a blood glucose >8.85 mmol/l (sensitivity=73%, specificity=78%) and HbA(1c) >7.15% (sensitivity=79%, specificity=60%) were more likely to achieve a clinically significant decrease in blood glucose. In conclusion, in apparently healthy patients with Type 2 diabetes, a 4-week exercise intervention improved cardiorespiratory fitness, BMI and triacylglycerols. Elevated blood glucose and HbA(1c) predicted improvements in blood glucose.

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