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Detection of mPing mobilization in transgenic rice plants.

Authors
  • Park, Doori1
  • Choi, Ik-Young2
  • Kim, Nam-Soo3
  • 1 Department of Agriculture and Life Industry, Kangwon National University, 1 Kangwondaehak-gil, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, 24341, Republic of Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 2 Department of Molecular Bioscience, Kangwon National University, 1 Kangwondaehak-gil, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, 24341, Republic of Korea. [email protected] , (North Korea)
  • 3 Department of Agriculture and Life Industry, Kangwon National University, 1 Kangwondaehak-gil, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, 24341, Republic of Korea. [email protected] , (North Korea)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Genes & genomics
Publication Date
Nov 12, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13258-019-00877-9
PMID: 31721104
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Various kinds of transposable elements (TEs) constitute high proportions of eukaryotic genomes. Although most of these TEs are not actively mobile, genome stress can induce mobilization of dormant TEs. Transgenic plants undergo tissue culture and subsequent whole-plant regeneration, which can cause genomic stress and in turn induce mobilization of inactive TEs. To investigate the activation of transposable elements on the genome wide of the GM plant. Transposon activities were analyzed in three transgenic rice plants carrying the insect resistance gene Cry1Ac and an herbicide resistance gene by the transposon display technique. These three transgenic plants were derived from a leading Korean rice variety, Illmi. We detected seven mobile activities in the mPing element, which is a MITE family transposon. The identity of the novel fragments in the gel display was confirmed by checking TAA target site duplication via sequence analysis. The genomic integration sites were all on different chromosomes, and the integrations were specific to either one or two T1 transgenic lines, except for one common integration on chromosome 4. One integration was in the 5'-UTR of the Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 8 gene, two integrations were in introns of expressed genes, and the other four integrations were in intergenic regions. Thus, novel mobilization of dormant TEs occurs in transgenic plants, which must be considered in the generation of genetically modified crops (GM crops).

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