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Detection of coarse-grained unstable states of microscopic/stochastic systems: a timestepper-based iterative protocol

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We address an iterative procedure that can be used to detect coarse-grained hyperbolic unstable equilibria (saddle points) of microscopic simulators when no equations at the macroscopic level are available. The scheme is based on the concept of coarse timestepping [Kevrekidis et al., 2003] incorporating an adaptive mechanism based on the chord method allowing the location of coarse-grained saddle points directly. Ultimately, it can be used in a consecutive manner to trace the coarse-grained open-loop saddle-node bifurcation diagrams. We illustrate the procedure through two indicatively examples including (i) a kinetic Monte Carlo simulation (kMC) of simple surface catalytic reactions and (ii) a simple agent-based model, a financial caricature which is used to simulate the dynamics of buying and selling of a large population of interacting individuals in the presence of mimesis. Both models exhibit coarse-grained regular turning points which give rise to branches of saddle points.


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