Today, ultrasound is the main diagnostic tool in the prenatal detection of congenital abnormalities. Therefore, ultrasound examination should be offered to all pregnant women. A detailed sonographic examination of the fetus is usually performed between 18 and 22 weeks of pregnancy. The accurate recognition of normal fetal anatomy is very important for the detection of both minor and major defects. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to show fetal anatomic structures, which have to be examined between the 18(th) and 22(nd) weeks of pregnancy, and present their standard measurements systematically and thoroughly in accordance with sonographically obtained ideal sections.