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Design, synthesis and antiviral evaluation of novel acyclic phosphonate nucleotide analogs with triazolo[4,5-b]pyridine, imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine and imidazo[4,5-b]pyridin-2(3H)-one systems

  • Hartwich, Anna;
  • Zdzienicka, Nee;
  • Schols, Dominique; 9441;
  • Andrei, Graciela; 3409;
  • Snoeck, Robert; 12760;
  • Glowacka, Iwona E;
Publication Date
Sep 24, 2019
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A new series of phosphonylated triazolo[4,5-b]pyridine (1-deaza-8-azapurine), imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (1-deazapurine) and imidazo[4,5-b]pyridin-2(3H)-one (1-deazapurin-8-one) were synthesized from 2-chloro-3-nitropyridine and selected diethyl ɷ-aminoalkylphosphonates followed by reduction of the nitro group and cyclization. In the final step O,O-diethylphosphonates were transformed into the corresponding phosphonic acids. All synthesized compounds were evaluated in vitro for inhibitory activity against a broad variety of DNA and RNA viruses and their cytotoxic potencies were also established. Compound 12f showed marginal activity against cytomegalovirus Davis strain (EC50 = 76.47 μM) in human embryonic lung (HEL) cells while compounds 10g (EC50 = 52.53 μM) and 12l (EC50 = 61.70 μM) were minimally active against the varicella-zoster virus Oka strain in HEL cells. Compounds under investigation were not cytotoxic at the maximum concentration evaluated (100 µM). / status: published

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