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Design of Kernels in Convolutional Neural Networks for Image Classification

  • Sun, Zhun
  • Ozay, Mete
  • Okatani, Takayuki
Publication Date
Mar 22, 2016
Submission Date
Nov 30, 2015
arXiv ID: 1511.09231
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Despite the effectiveness of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) for image classification, our understanding of the relationship between shape of convolution kernels and learned representations is limited. In this work, we explore and employ the relationship between shape of kernels which define Receptive Fields (RFs) in CNNs for learning of feature representations and image classification. For this purpose, we first propose a feature visualization method for visualization of pixel-wise classification score maps of learned features. Motivated by our experimental results, and observations reported in the literature for modeling of visual systems, we propose a novel design of shape of kernels for learning of representations in CNNs. In the experimental results, we achieved a state-of-the-art classification performance compared to a base CNN model [28] by reducing the number of parameters and computational time of the model using the ILSVRC-2012 dataset [24]. The proposed models also outperform the state-of-the-art models employed on the CIFAR-10/100 datasets [12] for image classification. Additionally, we analyzed the robustness of the proposed method to occlusion for classification of partially occluded images compared with the state-of-the-art methods. Our results indicate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

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