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Desenvolvimento de metodologia alternativa limpa para análise de nitrito

  • Lemos, Sahra Cavalcante
Publication Date
Jun 19, 2008
Repositório Institucional UNESP
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This work proposes a new method for nitrite determination in natural waters and foodstuff samples by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy combined with spot tests. In this method, the reaction occurs on the surface of a filter paper. Firstly 30 μL of the cromogenic reagent solution were added to the paper, followed by 30 μL of sample solution. The intensity of the color of the reaction product is measured by diffuse reflectance, at 532 nm. Experimental design was employed for the development of this method and the optimized reagent concentrations found were 9.60 × 10-3 mol L-1 for N-(1-naphtil)ethylenediamine hydrochloride and 5.90 × 10-2 mol L-1 for sulfanilic acid. The cromogenic solution was composed by the mixture of both reagents with HCl 6.00 x 10-2 mol L-1, in deionized water. A linear relationship (r = 0.997) was observed in the concentration range of 2.90 × 10-4 to 1.74 × 10-3 mol L-1 of nitrite, by plotting reflectance values versus the logarithm of nitrite concentration in the standard solutions. In order to work with lower quantities of nitrite, the concentrations of sulfanilic acid and N-(1-naphtil)ethylenediamine hydrochloride were diluted to a half of the concentrations proposed by the experimental design. The calibration curve constructed under these conditions showed a linear relationship (r = 0.997) ranging from 7.17 x 10-6 to 4.35 x 10-4 mol L-1 of nitrite ions, by plotting reflectance values versus the concentration of nitrite standard solutions. The colored product had an optical stability of at least 50 minutes in ambient conditions and of three days when kept under nitrogen atmosphere. In the investigation of intraday and iterday precision, the RSD values obtained were 1.51% and 2.01%, respectively. The new method was applied to the analysis of two samples of natural waters and one sausage sample. The results obtained 9 by the proposed method were compared with... (Complete abstract click electronic access below)

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